Sunday, April 25, 2010

Contribution of C. Ramchandra in bollywood films.

Contribution of C. Ramchandran in bollywood films.

C. Ramchandran glorified bollywood films of the 50s and 60s with his innovative music. Born in 1918, in Puntumba town of Ahmadnagar District of Maharashtra, he studied music under Vinayakbua Patwardhan at Gandharva Mahavidyalaya.

He acted in bollywood films like Naganand, Saeed-e – Havas and Atma Tarang in the late 40s. He independently composed music in Tamil films like Jayakkodi and Vanamohini. As far as bollywood films were concerned he got break in Bhagwandada’s film Sukhi Jeevan. His biggest hit with Bhagwan came in the film Albela in 1951. All the songs in the film became super hit including “bholi surat dil ke khote”, “shola jo bharke”, “dheere se aja”, etc.

In the mid-50s, Anarkali was the greatest hit music composed by C. Ramchandran in his entire career. Lata’s song “yeh zindagi usi ki hai” stormed bollywood with Bina Roy and Pradeep Kumar becoming immortal in the roles of Anarkali and Salim respectively. In the mid-50s, C. Ramchandran’s music in Dilip Kumar Meena Kumari’s film Azad became super hit. The landmark songs included “aaplam chaplam” sung by Lata and Usha Mangeshkar, “dekhoji bahar ayi” sung by Lata, to name a few.

C. Ramchandran’s music in Dev Anand’s film Amardeep became super hit in 1958. Rafi and Asha’s duet song “dekh hume awaaz na dena” became super hit along with Lata’s song “mera manka bhawra panchi”. C. Ramchandran was probably at his best in the film Navrang released in 1959. Mahendra Kapoor and Asha Bhosle’s duet “adha hai chandrama raat aadhi”, “aare jaare natkhat na chu re mera ghoonghat”, became everlasting classic. Manna Dey’s duet song with Asha Bhosle titled “tu chupi hai kahan” became another super hit song from the same film.

The other hit films where C. Ramchandran composed landmark tunes included Raj Kapoor’s Sharda in 1957, and Dev Anand’s Baarish in 1957. His music in Kishore Kumar’s film Asha also stormed bollywood in late 50s.

C. Ramchandran was also known for the immortal tune for Lata’s song “aye mere watan ke logon” written by poet Pradeep. It had remained as one of the most landmark songs related to India’s freedom struggle movement which brought tears in the eyes of Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1963, when sung during Republic Day by Lata. In the 60s, C. Ramchandran’s music in Feroz Khan’s film Oonche Log stormed bollywood with Rafi’s hit song “jag dil-e diwana ruth jaage”. It is not possible to highlight the contribution of C. Ramchandran in a small article as he composed music in more than 100 films in a span of 40 years. With the dominance of Shankar Jaikishan and OP Nayyar in the 60s, C. Ramchandran gradually faded away from the industry. But his hit music in films like Anarkali, Amardeep, Asha, Albela, etc. had made him immortal. His music and the films should be preserved and restored.

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